The Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) has the mandate of providing high-quality services, and producing reliable scientific information, on the state of the atmosphere and its characteristics, serving various needs of the public, industry and commerce, as well as contributing to scientific issues. FMI employs about 650 people, about 300 of which are involved in research and development under research programmes focused on Climate Change, Air Quality, Meteorology, Marine Research, Earth Observation, and Arctic Research. FMI participates in many (inter)national collaborative projects, providing, among others, satellite, ground-based remote sensing and in situ measurements on atmospheric composition, and regional and global scale modelling, for air quality and climate applications. Two groups from FMI will participate in this project.
The Atmospheric Radiation Group of the FMI Climate Change Research programme concentrates mainly on aerosol and UV-radiation research using both satellites and ground-based observations. It has a strong focus on the development of satellite retrieval algorithms (AATSR, OMI, TROPOMI) and utilization of the results in air quality and climate applications. Relevant for this project is the satellite work over China on the distribution and direct radiative effects of aerosols over China, which started in the EU AMFIC project.
The Modeling Group of the Air Quality unit: The Finnish Meteorological Institute (http://www.fmi.fi/en) is designated by the Finnish government as national air quality expert. The modelling group developed the dispersion model SILAM and is involved in many international co-operative, research and assessment efforts (e.g. UN/ECE EMEP and IM, HELCOM/MONAS, WMO/GAW, AMAP). The modelling teams have extensive experience in developing and implementing various numerical systems, from urban pollution models up to global ozone and climate studies, research and development in air chemistry and aerosol physics, modelling of dispersion of airborne pollutants from local to continental scale (ACCENT, MACC, MEGAPOLI, SAPPHIRE, OSCAR, PAMCHAR, PASODOBLE, etc.).
The main tasks of FMI in the project are :
(1) lead of monitoring WP 2, the retrieval of aerosol properties
(2) aerosol emission estimates and atmospheric dispersion modelling with data assimilation, using the regional scale model SILAM , to provide emission estimates over China.